Electronic Documents and Electronic Signatures.

Most of domestic as well as international transactions were based on paper document. Yet, after arisen of e-commerce, most of the transactions are being moved to electronic transactions. For the reason that, there are number of advantages of using electronic media other than paper based documents, such as low-cost, less amount of storage space, and […]

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Role of TRIPS Agreement in Public Health.

Intellectual property rights are elite rights which temporary granted by state for innovative intellectual works. Accordingly, once Intellectual property rights have been established, the property cannot be copied or used without the agreement of the owner. Considering the health sector, innovative ideas, drugs as well as medicines are very important as it helps to protect […]

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Let the Purchaser Beware.

According to the Sale of Goods Ordinance No 11 of 1896, a ‘contract of Sale of Goods’ is, ‘a contract whereby the seller transfers or agrees to transfer the property in goods to the buyer for a money consideration, called “the price”’ Sale of goods contracts can be absolute contract or conditional contract. According to the […]

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Absolute and Restrictive theory of sovereign immunity.

The doctrine of sovereign immunity is legal concept derived from English common law which elaborates; a State cannot be litigated in the courts under its jurisdiction by its own nations. In generally, sovereign immunity does not asylum government officers. For instance presidents, prime ministers, ministers…etc., also their activities. But under this doctrine, when a wrong […]

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